Utopian Towns and Company Towns were both part of the same reaction of congestion within cities during the Industrial Revolution. In contrast to the tenement housing, settlement housing, and progressive era responses to congestion in cities, founders of Utopian towns and company towns believed it better to leave the cities altogether, that more productive and healthy environments had to be achieved at lower densities and with physical configurations different from those of the 19th century industrial city.
A couple weeks ago, Steve Kolmes of the University of Portland came by Penn to speak about EPA methodology for setting ambient WQ standards. He presented his involvement and knowledge with the process of amending Oregon’s water quality standards, touching on the technical aspects of toxicology, political framework, and the ethics of water quality regulation in the United States. I will summarize my main takeaways from the presentation here.
Here, an interesting question arises. Is the district/neighborhood scale inherently “more sustainable”, or is this scale “more sustainable” simply because it is more likely to be implemented?
Studying for my midterm exams in Planning History, I tried to organize some major movements into “dichotomous” categories so that the main ideas would be easier to remember.